The harm list of hypertension

Coronary heart disease

The hypertension is one of the main risk factors of coronary heart disease, the risk of coronary heart disease in patients with hypertension is 2 times the normal, long-term high blood pressure is not treated, 50% died of coronary heart disease.

Diabetic population

The incidence of hypertension is 2 times of the normal population in the diabetic population. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are common, and it is an important cause of arteriosclerosis and renal failure.

The harm list of hypertension

Heart failure

Heart failure is a common complication of hypertension, and epidemiological studies have indicated that 50% – 40% of heart failure is caused by hypertension. The higher the blood pressure, and no treatment, the greater the possibility of the development of heart failure. One of 5314 hypertensive patients were followed up for 14.1 years, there were 392 cases with heart failure, hypertension has been considered to be the main risk of left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial infarction, left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial infarction can cause cardiac dysfunction, therefore, hypertension plays an important role in the process of heart failure.

High blood lipids

High blood lipids were studied in patients with high blood pressure and total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels are closely related to blood lipid metabolism disorders, so that the risk of cardiovascular disease and the incidence increased significantly.

Nephropathy

In humans, kidney involved in the formation and maintenance of renal hypertension, in turn, due to high blood pressure and kidney get damaged, long-term hypertension without treatment, can lead to end-stage renal failure, or accelerate the renal parenchyma damage caused by primary or secondary kidney disease.

Peripheral arterial disease

The risk of hypertension in intermittent claudication increased 3 times, probably because of increased blood pressure so that certain parts such as lower extremity artery, carotid artery, coronary artery of lower extremity ischemia leads to accelerated, nutrition disorders, or even death.

Stroke

The incidence of hypertensive cerebral stroke is 7.76 times of the normal blood pressure, and research shows that antihypertensive treatment can reduce the incidence of stroke 40%, coronary heart disease risk reduction 15%.

Lvh (left ventricular hypertrophy)

In all hypertensive patients, 20% – 30% can be found in the left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with mild hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy than normal blood pressure increased from 2 to 3 times, up to 10 times and severe hypertension. Left ventricular hypertrophy is a potential risk factor for myocardial infarction, and left ventricular systolic function. Therefore, left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.


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