How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

Hypertension is a normal chronic disease, and its complications of cardiac and cerebral vessels can cause serious harm to people’s health. When we talk about the prevention and treatment of hypertension, there is a lot of knowledge, but we can start from the three meals every day, so this diet method is simple and effective prevention and control of hypertension.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

1, Control heat intake

Control heat intake can reduce the clinical symptoms such as asthma, chest tightness. It is recommended to eat more starch, flour, corn, millet, oats and other plant fiber food, which can promote intestinal peristalsis to help the excretion of cholesterol. Please eat less glucose, fructose and sucrose, as the sugar can cause elevated blood lipids.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

2, Limit the fat intake

You should limit the intake of animal fat in the daily diet. Please use plants oil when cooking, in order to keep cholesterol intake under 300 mg daily limitation. You can eat more fish, as some marine fish contain unsaturated fatty acids, which can make the oxidation of cholesterol, thus lowering plasma cholesterol, and it also can extend the platelet aggregation to inhibit thrombosis and stroke prevention.

The fish meat contains much Linoleic acid, which can enhance the flexibility of capillaries, preventing rupture of blood vessels, so it can play a certain role in preventing the complications of hypertension.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

3, Appreciated amount of protein

It is used to recommend to take low protein diet for the hypertensive patients, but now, unless the patients are accompanied by chronic renal insufficiency, it generally do not have to strictly limit the intake of protein. Hypertensive patients’ protein intake daily should be 1 gram per kilogram of body weight. The plant protein should be about 50%, and the best choice is soybean protein. Although the soybean protein do not have reduce blood pressure effect, it can prevent the occurrence of stroke, which may depend on the amino acids in soybean protein. Weekly should also eat 2 ~ 3 times of fish protein, which can improve blood vessel elasticity and permeability to increase urinary sodium excretion, thereby reducing blood pressure. During the daily time, you should also pay attention to eat food containing rich tyrosine, such as fat free milk, yogurt, tofu, fish and so on. If you have hypertension and renal insufficiency, protein intake should be restricted.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

4, Less salt but more calcium

Eat more potassium, calcium rich foods, such as potatoes, taro, eggplant, lettuce, seaweed, wax gourd, watermelon, because the potassium can promote the excretion of cholesterol to enhance the elasticity of blood vessels, and it also have a diuretic effect so it can improve the cardiac contractility. Calcium rich foods you can choose milk, sour milk, sesame paste, dried small shrimps, green vegetables, and it have protective effect on cardiovascular. The magnesium rich foods, such as green leafy vegetables, millet, buckwheat noodles, beans and bean products, can reduce blood pressure through vasodilatation.

Appropriate to reduce sodium intake helps lower blood pressure and to reduce the sodium and water retention in the body. Daily salt intake should be below 5 grams.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?

5, Eat more Vegetable and Fruit

Eat more fresh green vegetables and fruits, which are conducive to the improvement of cardiac function and blood circulation, promote the excretion of cholesterol and prevent the development of hypertension. Eat less meat soup, because this kind soup contains more nitrogen substance, which can promote the increase of uric acid in the body, and increase the liver and kidney burden.

How to healthy diet for hypertension patients?


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