Etiology of hypertension in children

Family history inheritance

Children usually have a family history of hypertension, and as long as both parents have a party with primary hypertension that children have the probability of occurrence, in addition, children and young adults with hypertension and 50% of them are related with obese, these risk factors should be paid attention to in the prevention of hypertension in children and youth work.

Secondary hypertension

Children and adolescents with hypertension are mostly secondary hypertension, secondary hypertension general diagnosis is not difficult, once the diagnosis requires patients to take immediate effective treatment to remove the cause, cannot be delayed.

Etiology of hypertension in children

Symptoms are not typical

Children with hypertension general with multi-symptoms, but not typical, while others showed a headache, but the specificity is not strong, there may even be misdiagnosed as other diseases, some of the symptoms of hypertension in children and adolescents in the performance of clinicians and should arouse the attention of parents, such as growth retardation, nausea, vomiting, irritability, easy angry, visual impairment, and even facial palsy, stroke, heart failure, should be promptly to the hospital for further diagnosis and treatment.

Fewer complications of hypertension in children and youth

The complications of hypertension in children and adolescents generally less than adults, for children and adolescents in the treatment of hypertension is generally not what obvious symptoms, not suitable for rapid antihypertensive treatment, usually by weeks to months to the security level. The goal of treatment is not only to allow children and young people to continue to participate in various activities, but also to prevent high blood pressure caused by target organ damage.


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